Monsoon likely to continue, more rain from third week of Sept: IMD

New Delhi, Sep 7 (UNI) India Meteorological Department(IMD) on Monday said that the ongoing Monsoon rain is likely to continue and is expected that more rain from third week of this month.
Addressing a virtual press conference here on Monday, the IMD DG Dr M Mohapatra said that the country is likely to see normal to above normal rainfall in September, though in the second week of September, monsoon rain is likely to be deficient in most parts of the country, including northwest and central India. But it is likely to resume after September 17, he added. The usual date for monsoon to begin withdrawing is September 17.

Dr M Mohapatra pointed out that the IMD in its weekly weather update mentioned that withdrawal of monsoon may begin from western parts of Rajasthan in the week ending September 18.

“We are also expecting a low-pressure area to develop over west central Bay of Bengal around that time and while withdrawal of monsoon may begin, but we are still studying as to when it is likely to completely withdraw. We are expecting normal to above normal rain in Kerala, Karnataka and coastal areas of Maharashtra around and after September 17”,Dr Mohapatra said, meaning that the rainfall activity has declined in September as compared to August.

He further elaborated that variability of monsoon rain this season was higher this year, with excess rain in June, a deficit in July and again excessive rainfall in August and active Madden–Julian oscillation (MJO), the largest element of the intra-seasonal (30- to 90-day) variability in the tropical atmosphere, and cold El Nino neutral conditions also favoured good rain in August.

At the occasion, the Ministry of Earth Science Secretary Dr M Rajeevan said “The plentiful and spread of southwest monsoon this year should help farmers and the output must be very good. It will also help Indian economy, though exact quantification cannot be made at this moment. We don’t have an assessment as to how it will impact the economy.” The country as a whole has so far received seven percent excess rainfall.

Noting that the its accuracy in forecasting heavy rainfall has improved to over 80 percent, both Dr Rajeevan and Dr Mohapatra also pointed out that the IMD has very accurately predicted the behaviour of Super Cyclone Amphan well in advance and helped save human lives and property.

However, they admitted that East and West coast cyclones are different weather patterns and tracking them minutely sometimes differ from the forecast. Though the cyclone Nisarga was also well tracked and predicted from a low pressure area to its peak, there was some difference about its landfall.

Dr Mohapatra pointed out that among some new initiatives by the IMD also include its “Weekly Video weather forecast” (In English and Hindi) and weather apps—‘Mausam App’, ‘Meghdoot App’ and ‘Damini App’, which he said are very useful for people.

On the impact of climate change on the behaviour of Indian monsoon, Dr. Rajeevan said that it does have its affect and the IMD has done a lot of work on it. But these impacts vary from time to time and there is no uniformity about it, he said.


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