The total number of cancer cases in India is likely to be around 13.9 lakh in this year and may increase by 2025 to 15.7 lakh, with its occurrence being marginally higher among the women, according to the report.The number of cancer cases in men is estimated to be around 6,79,421 in 2020 and may reach to 7,63,575 in 2025, as per the report released by the ICMR and the Bengaluru based National Centre for Disease Informatics and Research in India.
The cancer incidence among women is estimated to be about 7,12,758 in 2020 and expected to reach tally 8,06,218 by 2025. The Breast cancer tally 2,38,908 is expected to be the most common type of cancer in 2025, including the lung cancer (1,11,328) and mouth cancer (90,060).
The Indian Council of Medical Research in a statement said, Caancer related to Tobacco is estimated to contribute to the total of 3.7 lakh cases, which is about 27.1 per cent of the total burden of cancer in 2020 and highest in the North-eastern region of the country, followed by the gastrointestinal tract cancers and breast cancer..
ICMR said that the estimates of cases presented in the National Cancer Registry Programme Report 2020, are based on information collected from 28 ,Population Based Cancer Registries and 58, hospital based cancer registries.
“Among women, breast cancer is estimated to contribute 2 lakh (14.8 per cent) and cervix cancer is estimated to contribute 0.75 lakh (5.4 per cent), whereas for both men and women, cancers of the gastrointestinal tract is estimated to contribute 2.7 lakhs (19.7 per cent) of the total cancer burden,” it stated.
The rate of Cancer incidence among males per 1,00,000 population ranges from 269.4 in Aizawl district, which is said to be the highest in India, to 39.5 in Osmanabad and Beed districts.
So far for females, rate of cancer incidence per 1,00,000 population ranges from 219.8 in Papumpare district to 49.4 in Osmanabad and Beed district, as per the report.
Cancer incidence related to the use of any kind of tobacco was highest in the northeastern region of the country and also found higher proportion in men. Cancer that were most common among men including lung, mouth, stomach and oesophagus , report highlighted.
Cancer that was most common among women including breast and cervix uteri. At a stage of spread, lung cancer was diagnosed at distant sites, while cancers of head and neck, stomach, breast and cervix were in higher proportions with loco regional spread, it informed.
Multimodality treatment of cancer include a varied combination of surgery, chemotherapy and radiation therapy and these were administered for breast, head and neck cancers apart from the treatment of cervix cancer was mainly treated with radiotherapy and chemotherapy.
According to the report, for cancers of the lung and the stomach, systemic therapy was the mode of treatment.